HomeEssay

Jhansi ki Rani Laxmi Bai in Hindi : रानी लक्ष्मीबाई का जीवन परिचय

Like Tweet Pin it Share Share Email

Who is Rani Laxmi Bai in Hindi?

Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi (About this sound pronunciation (help·info); 19 November 1828 – 18 June 1858), was the queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India currently present in Jhansi district in Uttar Pradesh, India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became a symbol of resistance to the British Raj for Indian nationalists.

Bioguruprasad or Manikarnika (Manu Bai) was born on 19 November 1828 in the holy town of Varanasi into a Marathi Brahmin family. She was named Manikarnika and was nicknamed Manu.[10] Her father was Moropant Tambe and her mother Bhagirathi Sapre (Bhagirathi Bai). Her parents came from Maharashtra and was cousin of Nana Sahib. Her mother died when she was of four years. Her father worked for a court Peshwa of Bithoor district who brought up Manikarnika like his own daughter. The Peshwa called her “Chhabili”, which means “playful”. She was educated at home and was more independent in her childhood than others of her age; her studies included shooting, horsemanship, fencing and Mallakhamba with her childhood friends Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope.

Manikarnika was married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, in May 1842 and was afterwards called Lakshmibai (or Laxmibai) in honour of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi. She gave birth to a boy, later named Damodar Rao, in 1851, who died after four months. The Maharaja adopted a child called Anand Rao, the son of Gangadhar Rao’s cousin, who was renamed Damodar Rao, on the day before the Maharaja died. The adoption was in the presence of the British political officer who was given a letter from the Maharaja instructing that the child be treated with respect and that the government of Jhansi should be given to his widow for her lifetime. After the death of the Maharaja in November 1853, because Damodar Rao (born Anand Rao) was adopted, the British East India Company, under Governor-General Lord Dalhousie, applied the Doctrine of Lapse, rejecting Damodar Rao’s claim to the throne and annexing the state to its territories. When she was informed of this she cried out “I shall not surrender my Jhansi” (Mai meri Jhansi nahi doongi). In March 1854, Lakshmibai was given an annual pension of Rs. 60,000 and ordered to leave the palace and the fort. Rani Lakshmibai has been known to the British most commonly as “the Rani of Jhansi”; in Hindi she is often known as “Jhansi ki Rani”.

Rani Lakshmibai was accustomed to riding on horseback accompanied by a small escort between the palace and the temple although sometimes she was carried by palanquin. Her horses included Sarangi, Pavan and Badal; according to tradition she rode Badal when escaping from the fort in 1858. The Rani Mahal, the palace of Rani Lakshmibai, has now been converted into a museum. It houses a collection of archaeological remains of the period between the 9th and 12th centuries AD.

According to a memoir purporting to be by Damodar Rao he was among his mother’s troops and household at the battle of Gwalior; together with others who had survived the battle (some 60 retainers with 60 camels and 22 horses) he fled from the camp of Rao Sahib of Bithur and as the village people of Bundelkhand dared not aid them for fear of reprisals from the British they were forced to live in the forest and suffer many privations. After two years there were about 12 survivors and these together with another group of 24 they encountered sought the city of Jhalrapatan where there were yet more refugees from Jhansi. Damodar Rao surrendered himself to a British official and his memoir ends in May 1860 when he has been allowed a pension of Rs. 10,000, seven retainers only, and is in the guardianship of Munshi Dharmanarayan.

Rani Laxmi Bai Biography in Hindi

==Bioguruprasad or Manikarnika (Manu Bai) was born on 19 November 1828 in the holy town of Varanasi into a Marathi Brahmin family. She was named Manikarnika and was nicknamed Manu. Her father was Moropant Tambe and her mother Bhagirathi Sapre (Bhagirathi Bai). Her parents came from Maharashtra and was cousin of Nana Sahib. Her mother died when she was of four years. Her father worked for a court Peshwa of Bithoor district who brought up Manikarnika like his own daughter. The Peshwa called her “Chhabili”, which means “playful”. She was educated at home and was more independent in her childhood than others of her age; her studies included shooting, horsemanship, fencing and Mallakhamba with her childhood friends Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope.

Manikarnika was married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, in May 1842 and was afterwards called Lakshmibai (or Laxmibai) in honour of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi. She gave birth to a boy, later named Damodar Rao, in 1851, who died after four months. The Maharaja adopted a child called Anand Rao, the son of Gangadhar Rao’s cousin, who was renamed Damodar Rao, on the day before the Maharaja died. The adoption was in the presence of the British political officer who was given a letter from the Maharaja instructing that the child be treated with respect and that the government of Jhansi should be given to his widow for her lifetime. After the death of the Maharaja in November 1853, because Damodar Rao (born Anand Rao) was adopted, the British East India Company, under Governor-General Lord Dalhousie, applied the Doctrine of Lapse, rejecting Damodar Rao’s claim to the throne and annexing the state to its territories. When she was informed of this she cried out “I shall not surrender my Jhansi” (Mai meri Jhansi nahi doongi). In March 1854, Lakshmibai was given an annual pension of Rs. 60,000 and ordered to leave the palace and the fort. Rani Lakshmibai has been known to the British most commonly as “the Rani of Jhansi”; in Hindi she is often known as “Jhansi ki Rani”.

Rani Lakshmibai was accustomed to riding on horseback accompanied by a small escort between the palace and the temple although sometimes she was carried by palanquin. Her horses included Sarangi, Pavan and Badal; according to tradition she rode Badal when escaping from the fort in 1858. The Rani Mahal, the palace of Rani Lakshmibai, has now been converted into a museum. It houses a collection of archaeological remains of the period between the 9th and 12th centuries AD.

According to a memoir purporting to be by Damodar Rao he was among his mother’s troops and household at the battle of Gwalior; together with others who had survived the battle (some 60 retainers with 60 camels and 22 horses) he fled from the camp of Rao Sahib of Bithur and as the village people of Bundelkhand dared not aid them for fear of reprisals from the British they were forced to live in the forest and suffer many privations. After two years there were about 12 survivors and these together with another group of 24 they encountered sought the city of Jhalrapatan where there were yet more refugees from Jhansi. Damodar Rao surrendered himself to a British official and his memoir ends in May 1860 when he has been allowed a pension of Rs. 10,000, seven retainers only, and is in the guardianship of Munshi Dharmanarayan.

रानी लक्ष्मीबाई के बारे में जानकारी Essay on Jhansi ki Rani in Hindi

रानी लक्ष्मीबाई (जन्म: 19 नवम्बर 1828 – मृत्यु: 18 जून 1858) मराठा शासित झाँसी राज्य की रानी और 1857 के प्रथम भारतीय स्वतन्त्रता संग्राम की वीरांगना थीं। उन्होंने मात्र 23 वर्ष की आयु में अंग्रेज़ साम्राज्य की सेना से संग्राम किया और रणक्षेत्र में वीरगति प्राप्त की किन्तु जीते जी अंग्रेजों को अपनी झाँसी पर कब्जा नहीं करने दिया।

लक्ष्मीबाई का जन्म वाराणसी जिले के भदैनी नामक नगर में 19 नवम्बर 1835 को हुआ था। उनका बचपन का नाम मणिकर्णिका था परन्तु प्यार से उन्हें मनु कहा जाता था। उनकी माँ का नाम भागीरथीबाई तथा पिता का नाम मोरोपन्त तांबे था। मोरोपन्त एक मराठी थे और मराठा बाजीराव की सेवा में थे। माता भागीरथीबाई एक सुसंस्कृत, बुद्धिमान एवं धार्मिक महिला थीं। मनु जब चार वर्ष की थी तब उनकी माँ की मृत्यु हो गयी। क्योंकि घर में मनु की देखभाल के लिये कोई नहीं था इसलिए पिता मनु को अपने साथ पेशवा बाजीराव द्वितीय के दरबार में ले जाने. लगे। जहाँ चंचल एवं सुन्दर मनु ने सबका मन मोह लिया। लोग उसे प्यार से “छबीली” कहकर बुलाने लगे। मनु ने बचपन में शास्त्रों की शिक्षा के साथ शस्त्रों की शिक्षा भी ली। सन् 1842 में उनका विवाह झाँसी के मराठा शासित राजा गंगाधर राव नेवालकर के साथ हुआ और वे झाँसी की रानी बनीं। विवाह के बाद उनका नाम लक्ष्मीबाई रखा गया। सन् 1851 में रानी लक्ष्मीबाई ने एक पुत्र को जन्म दिया। परन्तु चार महीने की आयु में ही उसकी मृत्यु हो गयी। सन् 1853 में राजा गंगाधर राव का स्वास्थ्य बहुत अधिक बिगड़ जाने पर उन्हें दत्तक पुत्र लेने की सलाह दी गयी। पुत्र गोद लेने के बाद 21 नवम्बर 1853 को राजा गंगाधर राव की मृत्यु हो गयी। दत्तक पुत्र का नाम दामोदर राव रखा गया।

रानी लक्ष्मीबाई की जीवनी & रानी लक्ष्मीबाई पर निबंध

ब्रिटिश राज ने अपनी राज्य हडप निती के तहत बालक दामोदर राव के खिलाफ अदालत में मुकदमा दायर कर दिया। यद्यपि मुकदमे में बहुत बहस हुई, परन्तु इसे खारिज कर दिया गया। ब्रिटिश अधिकारियों ने राज्य का खजाना ज़ब्त कर लिया और उनके पति के कर्ज़ को रानी के सालाना खर्च में से काटने का फरमान जारी कर दिया। इसके परिणामस्वरूप रानी को झाँसी का क़िला छोड़ कर झाँसी के रानीमहल में जाना पड़ा। पर रानी लक्ष्मीबाई ने हिम्मत नहीं हारी और उन्होनें हर हाल में झाँसी राज्य की रक्षा करने का निश्चय किया।

झाँसी का युद्ध

झाँसी 1857 के संग्राम का एक प्रमुख केन्द्र बन गया जहाँ हिंसा भड़क उठी। रानी लक्ष्मीबाई ने झाँसी की सुरक्षा को सुदृढ़ करना शुरू कर दिया और एक स्वयंसेवक सेना का गठन प्रारम्भ किया। इस सेना में महिलाओं की भर्ती की गयी और उन्हें युद्ध का प्रशिक्षण दिया गया। साधारण जनता ने भी इस संग्राम में सहयोग दिया। झलकारी बाई जो लक्ष्मीबाई की हमशक्ल थी को उसने अपनी सेना में प्रमुख स्थान दिया।

1857 के सितम्बर तथा अक्टूबर के महीनों में पड़ोसी राज्य ओरछा तथा दतिया के राजाओं ने झाँसी पर आक्रमण कर दिया। रानी ने सफलता पूर्वक इसे विफल कर दिया। 1858 के जनवरी माह में ब्रितानी सेना ने झाँसी की ओर बढ़ना शुरू कर दिया और मार्च के महीने में शहर को घेर लिया। दो हफ़्तों की लड़ाई के बाद ब्रितानी सेना ने शहर पर क़बज़ा कर लिया। परन्तु रानी दामोदर राव के साथ अंग्रेजों से बच कर भाग निकलने में सफल हो गयी। रानी झाँसी से भाग कर कालपी पहुँची और तात्या टोपे से मिली।

तात्या टोपे और रानी की संयुक्त सेनाओं ने ग्वालियर के विद्रोही सैनिकों की मदद से ग्वालियर के एक किले पर क़बज़ा कर लिया। 18 जून 1858 को ग्वालियर के पास कोटा की सराय में ब्रिटिश सेना से लड़ते-लड़ते रानी लक्ष्मीबाई ने वीरगति प्राप्त की। लड़ाई की रिपोर्ट में ब्रिटिश जनरल ह्यूरोज़ ने टिप्पणी की कि रानी लक्ष्मीबाई अपनी सुन्दरता, चालाकी और दृढ़ता के लिये उल्लेखनीय तो थी ही, विद्रोही नेताओं में सबसे अधिक खतरनाक भी थी।

loading...

Comments (0)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

five × 3 =